GPC: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de actinomicosis en el Adulto. Autores y infección del surco cérvico-facial a través de la facia profunda de cuello; o. hasta el momento como factor de riesgo, la disrupción mucosa generada podría favorecer el inicio del cuadro. Palabras clave: actinomicosis cervicofacial. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is a chronic disease characterized by abscess formation, draining sinus tracts, fistulae, and tissue fibrosis.

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Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. The condition is likely to be polymicrobial aerobic anaerobic infection.

The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouthlungs[3] [4] breast[5] or gastrointestinal tract. In severe cases, they may penetrate the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and leak large amounts of puswhich often contains characteristic granules sulfur granules filled with progeny bacteria.

These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial actinomicosix Actinomyces. Actinomiicosis bacteria are generally anaerobes.

An affected human often has recently had dental workpoor oral hygieneperiodontal diseaseradiation therapyor trauma broken jaw causing local tissue damage to the oral mucosaall of which predispose the person to developing actinomycosis. The three most common sites cerviofacial infection are decayed teeth, the lungs, and the intestines.


Actinomycosis does not occur in isolation from other bacteria. This infection depends on other bacteria Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and cocci to aid in invasion of tissue. The diagnosis of actinomycosis can be a difficult one to make. In addition to microbiological examinations, magnetic resonance actinlmicosis and immunoassays may be helpful.

Actinomyces bacteria are generally sensitive to penicillinwhich is frequently used to treat actinomycosis. In cases of penicillin allergy, doxycycline is used.

Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: Diagnosis and Management.

Response to therapy is slow and may take months. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may also be used as an adjunct to conventional therapy when the disease process is refractory to antibiotics and surgical treatment. Disease incidence is actinomicodis in males between the ages of 20 and 60 years than in females. Incidence in the U. Incidence of oral actinomicowis, which is harder to diagnose, has increased.

Inpathologist Otto Bollinger described the presence of A. InEugen Bostroem isolated the causative organism from a culture of grain, grasses, and soil. After Bostroem’s discovery, a general misconception existed that actinomycosis was a mycosis that affected individuals who chewed grass or straw. Violinist Joseph Actinomicois died of actinomycosis on 15 August Painter Halfdan Egedius died from actinomcosis.

Actinomycosis occurs rarely in humans, but rather frequently in cattle as a disease called “lumpy jaw”. This name refers to the large abscesses that grow on the head and neck of the infected animal.


It can also affect swine, horses, and dogs, and less often wild animals and sheep. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Actinomycosis A man with actinomycosis on the right side of his face Specialty Infectious disease Actinomycosis cervicofavial a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. Baron S; et al.


Baron’s Medical Microbiology 4th ed. Univ of Texas Medical Branch. Sherris Medical Microbiology 4th ed. Williams gynecology 2nd ed. The American Journal of Gastroenterology. cervivofacial

US National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 16 August Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society.

Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine 7th ed. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. American Public Health Association. Actinobacteria primarily A00—A79—, — Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple’s disease Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces gerencseriae. Tuberculoid leprosy Borderline tuberculoid leprosy Borderline leprosy Borderline lepromatous leprosy Acitnomicosis leprosy Histoid leprosy.

Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria Cervicofadial minutissimum Erythrasma Corynebacterium jeikeium Group JK corynebacterium sepsis. Retrieved from ” https: Infobox medical condition new CS1: Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. D ICD – Actinomycetaceae Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple’s disease Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces gerencseriae.