that of Cabeza de Vaca’s ten years wanderings in Texas and Mexico. The first that we hear Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. This was published. what one may read in the famous Naufragios and what is generally said about it, ationKrieger, “The Travels of Alvar Nuez Cabeza de Vaca story in that interpretative gap, working comentarios de Alvar Niuez Cabeza de Vaca, vol. 1, ed. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was born around in Andalusia [3], a region of Spain [4]. Cabeza de Vaca’s own account, Los naufragios [the shipwrecked men] his own account of the South American events in his Comentarios ().

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He answered that the dwellings were nearby and that he alvag guide us, and we followed. Then they breathe on the spot where the pain is and believe that with this the disease goes away. We went with him; — the com- missary, the inspector and myself, with forty men, among them six horsemen, who seemed likely to be of but little use.

Arrived at the port of Trinidad with these two vessels. EARLY the next day many Indians came and brought five people who were paralyzed and very ill, and they came for Castillo to cure them. The officials he had with him since they must be mentioned were those here named: One of Cabeza de Vaca’s greatest achievements of his journey, was that he played an important role as an ambassador to bring peace throughout the land.

He further told him that after disembarking, the Gov- ernor revoked the powers he had given to the purser as his lieutenant, giving the office to a captain that was with him called Pantoja.

I tell this briefly, not thinking it necessary to relate in particular all the distress and hardships we bore. When he asked his leading men what to do next, he received two responses. The Indians that kept Alonso del Cas- tillo, Andres Dorantes and the others, who were still alive, being of another language and stock, had gone to feed on oysters at another point of the mainland, where they remained until the first day of the month of April.


Cabeza and Melchor invited the natives to convert to Christianity and the natives did so willingly. I told him that we ought to re- join the other barge, which was ahead of us, and in no manner forsake her, and the three together should continue our way whither God might take us.

It was never carried out. As Cabeza approached Spanish settlement, he and his companions were very grieved to see the destruction of the native villages and xomentarios of the natives.

Naufragios (Ilustrado) (Visión del soldado)

While with them, we were always well treated, although our food was never too plentiful, and we had to- carry our own water and wood. Comentarioz refrain from making a long story of it. And surely, even if there had been no other tokens, it was won- derful how He prepared the way for us through a country so scantily inhabited, causing us to meet people where for a long time there had been none, saving us from so many dangers, not permitting us to be killed, maintaining us through starvation and distress and moving the hearts of the people to treat us well, as we shall tell fur- ther on.

As soon as we were settled we went out to hunt for the fruit of certain trees, which are like spring bittervetch orobusand as through all that country there are no trails, I lost too much time in hunting for them. They preserve the bones of the fish they eat, of snakes and other animals, to pulverize them and eat the powder.

The buildings are of straw, and they are surrounded by dense timber, tall trees and numerous water-pools, comentagios there were so many fallen trees and of such size as to greatly obstruct and im- pede circulation. A word yet touching the translation here given.

Naufragios (Ilustrado) by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (2 star ratings)

The com- missary thought this to be some idolatrous practice, so he burnt the boxes with the corpses. The Governor thereupon called them to his presence all together, and each one in particular, cabezs their opinion about this dismal country, so as to be able to get out of it and seek relief, for in that land there was none.

The stories they told amazed the imperial officials. To the densest part of the forest they open a very narrow trail and there ar- range a sleeping place for their women and children. Neither did I remain without my share of it. So we followed the shore, looking for wreck- age, and not finding naufragioz turned into the for- est. Their lodges are made of matting and built on oyster shells, upon which they sleep in hides, which they only get by chance.


Botli are small quartos. I was the most daring and reckless of all in undertaking cures. The horse made a supper for many on that night.

I became well known among them; they rejoiced greatly when seeing me and I would bring them what they need- ed, and those who did not know me would desire and endeavor to meet me for the sake of my fame. Finally they escaped to a nearby tribe that welcomed the four men as healers. So I left, wishing for some of them to accompany me, but they refused, alleging the hard rain, the cold and that the town was far away.

Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca |

Its text has been followed exclusively in this translation. There were men that day who swore they had seen two oak trees, each as thick as the calf of a leg, shot through and through by arrows, which is not surprising if we consider the force and dexterity with which they shoot. Cabeza de Vaca commanded one of these vessels, each of which held 50 men. Upon being asked about the rest of the party, they answered that all had died from cold and hunger and that the Indians beyond had killed Diego Dorantes, Valdivieso and Diego de Huelva wilfully, only because these had gone from one house to another, and their neighbors with whom was now the Captain Dorantes, had, in con- sequence of some dream dreamt by these Indians, killed Esquivel and Mendez also.

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Theyalso attacked nusz house of the cacique, where the Governor was, wounding him in the face with a stone.

The idea of cultivated land is, of course excluded. It took us a day to ford the river on account of the swiftness of its cur- rent.