Law should now take into consideration the new legal situation caused . the asylum (Basaglia, a, b), where there are no Prima della legge The Italian mental health care is based on Law (it. Legge ), also called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. La psicopatologia e la “LEGGE ”. 4 novembre, – I. La prospettiva della psicopatologia. Ho pensato di dare il mio contributo al Quarantennale.
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Basaglia Law – Wikipedia
Then, its articles were incorporated, with very little changes, into a broader law Italian: The president of the World Phenomenology Institute Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka states that Basaglia managed to pull together substantial revolutionary and reformatory energies around his anti-institutional project and created the conditions which within a few years brought to the reform of mental health legislation in Pratiche e politiche per la salute mentale: The Man Who Closed the Asylums: Legge Basaglia, Legge is the Italian Mental Health Act of which signified a large reform of the psychiatric system in Italycontained directives for the closing down of all psychiatric hospitals  and led to their gradual replacement with a whole range of community-based services, including settings for acute in-patient care.
Lectures at the College de France, —74 Basingstoke,p. British clinical psychologist Richard Bentall argues that after Franco Basaglia had persuaded the Italian government to pass Lawwhich made new hospitalizations to large mental hospitals illegal, the results were controversial.
Leggealso called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. This law imposed the closure of mental hospitals and established public mental health services. International Journal of Social Psychiatry.
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And here he might, perhaps, have drawn upon Michel Foucault’s fruitful suggestion that the history of modern psychiatry is permeated by antipsychiatry or more accurately antipsychiatries ‘if by that we understand everything that calls into question the role of the psychiatrist previously given responsibility for producing the truth of illness within the hospital space’. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
John Foot gives a much more rounded, and fair, portrait of a complicated, committed man: Hospital and Community Psychiatry. In actuality, ‘the anti-asylum movement in Italy was polycentricinvolving a number of actors The reform and its consequences were widely studied by the researchers, especially in the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
Foot embarked on his research with a focus that was initially Basagliacentric but soon discovered that the movement as a whole, in its rich and jostling diversity, and not least the processes implicated in the creation of the Lawwere more complex and multi-valanced than this.
The law itself lasted until December 23, Along with phenomenology, Basaglia also basaglja to Gramsci and other Italian Marxists to understand the complex nexus of basablia institutional, ideological, ethical, medical, political, social in which madness was embedded.
He also abolished any isolation method. At Perugia, with its vast Santa Margherita asylum complex, there was a successful attempt ‘both to humanize the hospital and create an alternative to it at the same time’ p.
Basaglia insisted that much in the inveterate stereotypes of madness was actually the consequence of institutional conditions, but not a real danger which the walls of a mental hospital had been required to contain. InFranco Basaglia started refusing to bind patients to their beds in the Lunatic Asylum of Gorizia. I would like to find out — and tell these stories just as I have told the stories of liberation and closure in this book.
Felix Guattari described Basaglia’s work as ‘a war of liberation’ p. Basaglia and one of his colleagues were accused of manslaughter, although both were eventually cleared.
Franco Basaglia – Wikipedia
Historians of psychiatry have given equally short shrift to the Italian reforms: The main long-term consequences of implementation of Law are that: Mental health care and social policy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. He is absolutely correct to highlight the difference between the titles of the Italian and English editions.
British Journal of Psychiatry. The main title roughly translates as The ‘Republic of the Mad’ and whilst Basaglia is announced as the main protagonist in the action, the book is evidently about a larger subject than him. Legge Basaglia completely changed the structure of mental health care in Italy, finally bringing psychiatry back to medicine and the general hospitals, as well as promoting community-based psychiatry. F ranco Basaglia is still a household name in Italy.
There are no scare quotes that might permit us to code it as the ironic statement of a legend, for example.
The road ahead was hard, for Tommasini found himself initially at loggerheads with the director and staff at Colorno, who mostly viewed the patients as dangerous, but he succeeded in getting many of the nurses on his side, reducing the numbers of patients in the asylum and in creating a series of ‘alternative work-based and therapeutic associations and spaces across the province’ p.
After the first “heroic” period, there progressively arrived a more balanced dimension characterized by an important group involvement within the institutions, with articulated supervision and accurate work within teams. In addition, Foot refers frustratingly to two or three photographs, one of them a group photograph to which he returns several times ‘she is sitting between Pirella and the head nurse, surrounded by seven men’ p.
Keeping track of the rich and complicated history of the Italian movement as it unfolded can be confusing, involving as it did different places, innumerable actors, inevitable rivalries and fallings out, controversies and competing accounts.
Tommasini had never visited an asylum before and had ‘no competence in or knowledge of psychiatry or mental health care or of the asylum system’ p. Foot’s purpose is leghe considerable part to tackle and deconstruct this legacy of myth and misrepresentation and to begin to tell the story of a movement that was inspired, but only partly led, by Basaglia himself.
International Journal of Social Psychiatry. As Irving Goffmann once said it was also a revolution at the level of health institutions as it was a new way of conceiving mental disorders.
Italy was the first country in the world to dismantle Psychiatric Hospitals. Since the passing of Law inthe Italian Mental Health Act has produced serious debate, disputing its sociopolitical implications, appraising its positive points and criticizing its negative ones.
International Journal of Health Services. A guide basaglja research and study.